Forestry rights, Brazil as model?

This is from a few months ago, and in some ways it leads to many more questions than it answers! I want to know more about the specific rights granted to indigenous communities, and how delineations of ownership occur. 

Word: “homologation”. Definition: “The granting of approval by an official authority.” (See: Wikipedia :P)

A number of years ago, my friend v said something to me about why I could/should do ethnic studies at Columbia, and how it would be relevant for places outside the US too. “If you understand race here, you’ll be able to understand it anywhere!” (I think this was 1/2 joke? But it also seems very true, for providing analytical frameworks if nothing else.) Along similar lines, I suspect that if I were to be able to understand land rights in Brazil and Nepal, I could probably understand it anywhere. I would be interested in comparing community forestry and forest/land ownership laws in Nepal and Brazil…